Lets do some imaginative work here. Imagine that the creators of D-Gray Man want to make a sequel. Let’s call this new anime ‘D-Gray Man Shippuden’. So the production team get together, hire all their old voice actors and get everything ready until BOOM! Their studio gets hit by an earthquake and all their equipment gets destroyed (this is not entirely unbelievable. There’s meant to be a giant earthquake about to hit Tokyo soon, at least according to Bones). So D-Gray Man Shippuden can’t be made.
But wait! Step in a Russian billionaire. Russia is a great place for billionaires. This guy is an otaku who is quite a fan of the D-Gray man manga. He heard of the terrible news and decided he really wanted to see the later chapters animated. So what does he do? Why, the only logical option is to build his own studio in Russia and hire the company to come over and animate the new season. Of course he owns the rights and gets a percentage of the profits but the anime is still in Japanese and gets aired of Japanese television in it’s old time slot. But this doesn’t get listed as an anime as it wasn’t made in Japan.
Something seems wrong here doesn’t it. Lets take a few more examples: The latest CLAMP manga gets animated by a french company because they offered them more money. CLAMP is pretty much definitive anime and yet this also wouldn’t count. Or how about South Parks studio moves over to Japan for a new season (or even better, the creators of Avatar move to Japan to create a new show with the exact same animation style). Do these suddenly count as anime? It’s not animation style either, otherwise Kaiba’s claim to be an anime gets changed to just being a funky Dr.Seass style cartoon.
So where does the wall end?